Monthly Archives: September 2009

A Review: Death by Love Part 5

Death By Love: Letters From the Cross

By Mark Driscoll & Gerry Breshears

Driscoll, Mark, and Gerry Breshears. Death By Love: Letters From the Cross. Wheaton , Ill.: Crossway Books, 2008.

Mark Driscoll is the founding pastor of Mars Hill Church in Seattle, one of the fastest-growing churches in America. He is president of the Acts 29 Church Planting Network and leads the Resurgence Missional Theology Cooperative.

Gerry Breshears is professor of theology and chairman of the division of biblical and theological studies at Western Seminary. He and Driscoll also coauthored Vintage Jesus.”[1]

Review:

Chapter Nine: Ransom

First and foremost Hank is what many call a pervert, an abuser, and a violent man.  He believes that he is going to hell, because of all that he has done in his life.  Driscoll notes that Hank needs to hear about how Jesus was the ransom for him.[2] Hank knows that he has a debt before God; because of this debt he needs a mediator, a redeemer, and a ransom.[3] Driscoll makes hank aware of his depravity by saying, “You were made by God with dignity but have sunk so deep into depravity that your life is nothing short of a disgraceful tragedy.”[4] The corruption in Hank’s life is what has caused him to need a ransom like us all.  The good news is that “Jesus is willing to be your mediator, redeemer, and ransom.”[5] Driscoll correctly points to Christ alone being sufficient as a ransom for sinners.  “Jesus has paid your debt and by grace will apply that to your account if you pray the words of repentance in faith that Jesus taught you to pray – “Forgive me my debts” (see Matt. 6:12).”[6] Although this gospel truth is not given to a character in the book that I personally can identify with, it does not devalue the truth.  This chapter correctly addresses the depravity in all men.  If you are struggling with how sinful you are, or that you are beyond forgiveness read this chapter.[7]

Death by Love

Chapter Ten: Christus Exemplar

Caleb is going through a great trial; his wife has a brain tumor and is suffering right in front of his eyes.  Driscoll addresses the fact of Christ being our example.  In Caleb suffering he needs to take on the very mind of Christ in his wife’s suffering.  The contrast that Driscoll makes is between the theology of glory and the theology of the cross.  Theology of glory is “which the objective is to glorify self, the power to do so is self, and the means to do so are self-sufficiency, victorious living, pride, and comfort, which together commingle as a false gospel that is of no help when the dark season of life envelope you.”[8] What is clear is that the theology of glory is not followed by someone that realizes that Christ is our example.  “Theology of the cross celebrates what Jesus alone can accomplish for us, through us, with us, and in spite of us…The theology of the cross seeks Jesus, even if that should mean that experiencing pain and poverty like Jesus.”[9] Driscoll put some more meat on these bones but you get the point; Christ alone is the example of a follower of the gospel.  Christ is our example in suffering and in celebration.  To follow this understanding of Christ’s example Driscoll gives five points.  “1) You were made for God’s glory (Isa. 43:6-7).  2) Everything in your life is an opportunity to glorify God (1 Cor 10:31).  3) Rather than glorifying God, you will have a sinful tendency to do what you think will make you happy, and you will end up sinning (Rom. 3:23).  4) When you choose happiness over God’s glory, enduring joy is impossible.  You wind up pursuing things besides the glory of God (e.g., life, friends, comfort, pleasure—ironically, all gifts from God) rather that God himself.  5) Your pleasure is found in God alone; as God is glorified, your joy is satisfied.  My friend John Piper has stated it this way in his book Desiring God, …The chief end of man is to glorify God by enjoying Him forever.”  Or “God is most glorified in me when I am most satisfied in Him.”[10] The theology of the cross exalts Jesus Christ above all others to the right hand of God.  The purpose of God sending Christ as an example, Driscoll concludes is for God to be glorified through us following the example of Christ.  “Indeed, the most perfectly Spirit-filled person who has ever lived, Jesus Christ, worked a simple job, lived a simple life, and died a painful death as a flat broke, homeless man by the power of the Holy Spirit and in so doing perfectly and fully glorified God the Father and tasted pure joy.”[11] To take this doctrinal assertion seriously means that whatever comes your way, you glorify Christ with exaltation of Him through all things.  To be honest this doctrine I have the most trouble living out.  This book makes a good explanation in practical terms of what the implications of this doctrine are on the life of the believer.  Christus Exemplar (Christ our example) needs to be understood as Driscoll presents rather than what the false gospel of Christ being our example but not God, just a social and political leader.  As C. S. Lewis says, either Christ was a liar, lunatic, or the son of God.[12] Driscoll presents Christ as the example of a Christian life lived out!

This is the fifth post of six, to see the other ones please search Death by Love.


[1] From the back cover of the book.

[2] Note: do not confuse this with the ransom theory of atonement.  This book clearly presents the Penal-Substitutionary view of atonement.

[3] Driscoll, Mark, and Gerry Breshears. Death By Love: Letters From the Cross. (Wheaton , Ill.: Crossway Books, 2008), 187.

[4] Ibid. 192.

[5] Ibid. 192.

[6] Ibid. 193.

[7] Grace is beautiful, in that we all are chosen by God.  No one has better standing before God than another except through Jesus Christ!  He was the ransom for sinners that repent!

[8] Driscoll, Mark, and Gerry Breshears. Death By Love: Letters From the Cross. (Wheaton , Ill.: Crossway Books, 2008), 202.

[9] Ibid. 202.

[10] Ibid. 204-205.

[11] Ibid. 211.

[12] This is from “Mere Christianity” his watershed apologetic book.  I cannot currently remember the page number.

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A Review: Death by Love Part 4

Death By Love: Letters From the Cross

By Mark Driscoll & Gerry Breshears

Driscoll, Mark, and Gerry Breshears. Death By Love: Letters From the Cross. Wheaton , Ill.: Crossway Books, 2008.

Mark Driscoll is the founding pastor of Mars Hill Church in Seattle, one of the fastest-growing churches in America. He is president of the Acts 29 Church Planting Network and leads the Resurgence Missional Theology Cooperative.

Gerry Breshears is professor of theology and chairman of the division of biblical and theological studies at Western Seminary. He and Driscoll also coauthored Vintage Jesus.”[1]

Review:

Chapter Seven: Expiation

The character of this chapter is Mary a girl that over and over has been violated by predators.  Mary continually in many ways was abused by those that were supposed to love her.  She does not understand the doctrine of expiation that Christ fulfilled through dying on the cross.  Driscoll first makes a case for her defilement being caused by both active and passive sins.[2] He is speaking of both those sins that she committed and the ones that are committed against her.  Giving a further framework for understanding defilement Driscoll gives three categories of defilement, with the supporting scripture.  “First, places become defiled by sin…Second, things, such as the marriage bed, become defiled by sin…Third, people are defiled by sin.”[3] All the categories of defilement act in the same way, they bring a sense of shame.  Mary has both previously been sinned against defiled and now is struggling and sinning against others.  When we are defiled or defiling others we want to cover up our shame.  Driscoll uses the analogy of a fig leaf to cover up our shame.  To do this he gives four roles for the fig leaves.  “The first fig leaf is worn by the good girl…the second fig leaf is worn by the tough girl…the third leaf is worn by the party girl…the fourth leaf is worn by the church lady.”[4] All of these different ways of covering the shame of defilement lead one to believe that Christ has not expiated us through the cross.  Jesus Christ was the scapegoat; he took our shame upon himself.[5] Driscoll rightly gives word pictures about cleansing, for Mary to apply to her life; in order to actively live out an expiated life.  This chapter deals with something that definitely is timely in a world that has a high level of abuse to children and teens.  Mary’s situation is not that uncommon and I pray that God will use a book like this to bring people to himself.

Death by Love

Chapter Eight: Unlimited Limited Atonement

This chapter is of special importance to both Driscoll and I, for him he writes this as a letter to his son, for me it is the doctrine that I have struggled with the most.  I found this chapter most helpful to understand this complex doctrine.  On page one sixty eight there is an immensely useful chart on differing views on atonement.  Ranging from Universalism and Pelagianism (both heretical) to Unlimited Atonement, Limited Atonement, and Unlimited Limited Atonement.  This chapter although my favorite does not provide pithy quotes, but directly presents unlimited limited atonement as the most biblically supported.  He summarizes the approach he takes to Unlimited Limited Atonement by saying, “this both/and approach of unlimited limited atonement explains the biblical statements about Jesus’ dying to reconcile all things to the Father.”[6] The atonement has always been and always will a doctrine that will be attacked from both inside the church and outside the church.  Driscoll although the conclusion of this chapter is a modified Calvinist view, and presenting a somewhat progressive understanding of limited atonement, finds its grounding in the sovereignty of God through Christ’s sacrifice on the cross.  Foundationally, I found this chapter to defend the middle ground that I always hoped to hear from a pastor, that does not forsake the authority of scripture for cultural authority.

This is the fourth post of six, to see the other ones please search Death by Love.


[1] From the back cover of the book.

[2] Driscoll, Mark, and Gerry Breshears. Death By Love: Letters From the Cross. (Wheaton , Ill.: Crossway Books, 2008), 147.

[3] Ibid. 148-149.

[4] Ibid. 150-152.

[5] Hebrews 12:1-3

[6] Driscoll, Mark, and Gerry Breshears. Death By Love: Letters From the Cross. (Wheaton , Ill.: Crossway Books, 2008), 173-174.

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The Fruit of Suffering

The Power of Suffering…

  • Grace has the power to turn afflictions into mercies.

Jeremiah Burroughs in The Rare Jewel of Christian Contentment

  • Humility is always found connected with long-suffering.”

Jonathan Edwards in Charity and its Fruits

therefinersfire

1 Peter 1:3-9 Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ! According to his great mercy, he has caused us to be born again to a living hope through the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead, to an inheritance that is imperishable, undefiled, and unfading, kept in heaven for you, who by God’s power are being guarded through faith for a salvation ready to be revealed in the last time. In this you rejoice, though now for a little while, if necessary, you have been grieved by various trials, so that the tested genuineness of your faith—more precious than gold that perishes though it is tested by fire—may be found to result in praise and glory and honor at the revelation of Jesus Christ.Though you have not seen him, you love him. Though you do not now see him, you believe in him and rejoice with joy that is inexpressible and filled with glory, obtaining the outcome of your faith, the salvation of your souls.

  • There is so much in this passage, but let me just highlight a few things:  God has made us alive, granted us salvation through Jesus Christ, and gave us an inheritance that is untouchable as we are safe-guarded through faith.  The very power of God that saved us continues to sustain us.  While our earthly experiences, and even our physical lives, may suffer the effects of a fallen world, our salvation is beyond its reach.  Through Christ we have a living hope that sustains us, and while we walk by faith instead of sight, we endure suffering with joy that is impossible to describe.  It is impossible to describe, because it is not rooted in the things of earth.  Our joy is bound up in the glories of heaven that have made their home within our hearts.  Our joy is a small taste of heaven that is made available to us though we still live upon the earth.  Through the trials that overwhelm us, we experience the testing of our faith–the dross is burned off and the luster of His glory shines within us.
  • May we ever embrace suffering for it is one of God’s most necessary means of producing Christ-likeness.  Through our longsuffering we are transformed into the beautiful bride of Christ that is pure and blameless.  Suffering produces holiness and humility, and these two beautiful qualities are most clearly mingled in the Cross of Christ–the pinnacle of suffering.  Let us therefore seek to imitate the Savior, who for the joy set before Him endured the Cross for us.

Blessings in Christ, Gabe

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A Review: Death by Love Part 3

Death By Love: Letters From the Cross

By Mark Driscoll & Gerry Breshears

Driscoll, Mark, and Gerry Breshears. Death By Love: Letters From the Cross. Wheaton , Ill.: Crossway Books, 2008.

Mark Driscoll is the founding pastor of Mars Hill Church in Seattle, one of the fastest-growing churches in America. He is president of the Acts 29 Church Planting Network and leads the Resurgence Missional Theology Cooperative.

Gerry Breshears is professor of theology and chairman of the division of biblical and theological studies at Western Seminary. He and Driscoll also coauthored Vintage Jesus.”[1]

Review:

Chapter Five: Justification

The character of this chapter is John, He has committed gross sin with the opposite sex.  He does not understand his justification through the cross of Christ.  Doctrinally Driscoll covers his bases with reviving a focus on the inability of man to fulfill the law.  The conclusion of this is “Total Depravity” and requires a sacrifice to atone for the gross violation of God’s law.  Driscoll points out the reality of Justification through Christ, “You are justified by grace alone, which means that there is absolutely nothing that you can do to contribute to your justification.  Rather, when Jesus said, “It is finished” on the cross, he was declaring that all that needed to be done for your justification was completed in him.”[2] John believes that he should die because of what he has done.  The affects of his sinful actions are clear by the ostracization of his close family, church, and general society.  Two passages that Driscoll illuminates for “John” to read are Romans 3:21-31, and Luke 18:9-14.[3] In response to his actions John has seen the physical and spiritual reality of the sin in his life.  Driscoll correctly responds with, “I know that you have given serious consideration to killing yourself in light of what you have done.  The truth is that what you have done is worthy of death.  But the good news is that Jesus has already died for your sins.  As a result, you can now put your sins to death by his power and live a new life as a new man.  Scripture further states that Jesus also rose from death for your justification and, as a result, is alive today and ready to hear from you, speak to you, and walk with you through the rest of your life and into eternity as not only your judge but also as your justifier (Rom 4:25)”[4] Jesus Christ, as Driscoll clearly shows is the only justifier for our sin.  We can only respond in humility and worship of a Holy God that would sacrifice His only Son, Jesus Christ, as the justification that allows us to attain eternal life in communion with God.  I appreciated this chapter but would suggest further study in the area of justification.[5]

Death by Love

Chapter Six: Propitiation

Bill the character portrayed in this chapter was beat as a child by his father.  He struggles with how Jesus Christ through the cross is the propitiation for our sins.  Propitiation is “How Jesus diverts the active wrath of our rightfully angry God from us so that we are loved and not hated.”[6] Driscoll, First, deals with the character of God the Father.  Second, he presents the wrath of God in Scripture.  The sheer amount of Scriptural references in this chapter show the high level of reverence and authority placed on Scripture by Driscoll.  This chapter does not shy away from discussing the wrath of God in detail.  When discussing 1 John 4:10 Driscoll says, “It states that rather than seeing the cross as the place where love was absent as God’s righteous wrath for sin was poured out on Jesus, the cross is precisely the place where God’s love is shown in the propitiation of Jesus Christ.”[7] Both God’s wrath and love were present through the sacrifice of Christ on the cross.  God’s attributes cannot be divided.[8] Driscoll masterfully presents the equality of man in our spiritual condition in this chapter, and rightly so, uses Old Testament illustrations of this reality.  In conclusion, this chapter was less theological than previous chapters I found, but not to its detriment, because of the personal response of Driscoll to Bill’s situation.


[1] From the back cover of the book.

[2] Driscoll, Mark, and Gerry Breshears. Death By Love: Letters From the Cross. (Wheaton , Ill.: Crossway Books, 2008), 115.

[3] Ibid 117.

[4] Ibid 118.

[5] I should make note that I understand that this chapter is introductory but still left so much out as far as the doctrine of justification.

[6] Driscoll, Mark, and Gerry Breshears. Death By Love: Letters From the Cross. (Wheaton , Ill.: Crossway Books, 2008), 131.

[7] Ibid. 132.

[8] See A.W. Tozer, Knowledge of the Holy Page 15.

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Gospel-Centered Life

GCL_CvrThumb

World Harvest Mission has just come out with some great gospel-centered resources for discipleship.  I highly recommend checking out their latest introductory study!!

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A Review: Death By Love Part 2

Death By Love: Letters From the Cross

By Mark Driscoll & Gerry Breshears

Driscoll, Mark, and Gerry Breshears. Death By Love: Letters From the Cross. Wheaton , Ill.: Crossway Books, 2008.

Mark Driscoll is the founding pastor of Mars Hill Church in Seattle, one of the fastest-growing churches in America. He is president of the Acts 29 Church Planting Network and leads the Resurgence Missional Theology Cooperative.

Gerry Breshears is professor of theology and chairman of the division of biblical and theological studies at Western Seminary. He and Driscoll also coauthored Vintage Jesus.”[1]

Review:

Chapter Three: New Covenant Sacrifice

Luke is consumed with “rage, humiliation, and panic.”  His wife has just told him that she slept with his best friend.  But as Driscoll points out Jesus Christ is Luke’s New Covenant Sacrifice.  Driscoll masterfully redirects those emotions back on Luke’s own sinfulness, which parallels his wife’s sin. As the saying goes Luke is “out for blood” to pay for what he has been put through.  Blood is connected to sin in two ways Driscoll states, “First, shed blood reminds us that sin results in death.  Second, God is sickened by sin, which causes death, a connection first made in Genesis 2:17 and repeated throughout the Bible.”[2] The New Covenant Sacrifice of Jesus Christ fulfilled the death that we all deserve and offered a path to life.  Christ and Christ alone was the sacrifice that ushered in the New Covenant community of believers.  Luke as Driscoll points out needs to see that Christ has sacrificed Himself already for the sin’s that have been committed against him.  “As members of the new covenant, you and your wife are continually growing to be more like Jesus by the power of God the Holy Spirit working through your new heart, which is the center of your new identity and new desires.”[3] Both Luke and his wife are pictures of grace; Driscoll wisely notes that Christ is abundantly more through His sacrifice than any sin that they could commit.  “You understand that just as Jesus suffered to be in covenant with you, you too have suffered to be in covenant with your wife—because you love her and continually seek her best.  You also rightly understand that, as the covenant head, you bear a burden for humble service, love, care, protection, and provision so that Jesus can be experienced by your wife, in part through you.”[4] Overall this was one of my favorite chapters, the sacrifice in the New Testament often is misunderstood without the Old Testament background which Driscoll wisely brings into light.

Death by Love

Chapter Four: Gift Righteousness

David is the consummate Christian, perfect in character, but does not understand the Gospel and because of his self righteousness, he cannot see the gift righteousness of Christ.  What seems to be more dangerous is that he cannot see his own sin.  When commenting on 1 Corinthians 15:1-4 Driscoll says, “Here we see that the gospel is continual, in that we must continually be reminded of it; proclaimational, in that it much be preached to us often, including preaching it to ourselves; personal, in that we must personally receive it in faith; essential, in that we must continually cling to it alone for the assurance of our salvation; central, in that it is the most important truth in all the world; eternal, in that it is passed on from one generation to the next without modification by religion; Christological, in that it is about the person and work of Jesus Christ alone; penal, in that the wage for sin—death—was paid; substitutional, in that Jesus’ death on the cross was literally in our place for our sins; biblical, in that it is in agreement with and the fulfillment of all Scripture; and eschatological, in that the resurrection of Jesus reveals to us our future hope of resurrected eternal life with him.”[5] This is the money quote of the entire book; foundationally the Gospel should be the center of all Christian activity in the world.  All of the presuppositions that Driscoll brings with this chapter are Christocentric, not anthropocentric; Theocentric, not anthropocentric; righteousness through Christ alone, not the false righteousness of man! Religion does not give the gift of righteousness through faith in Jesus Christ.  Driscoll outlines ten statements about religion that do have grounding in the self righteousness of many contemporary Christians and Jews over the span of history.  I will not take the time to outline them here, but it is a start to addressing the problem of works based theology.  The most important part of this chapter (or the take home points) are that gift righteousness: is through faith, not rule keeping, the righteousness God gives is a status that is imputed, reckoned, attributed, or granted to us, and righteousness is imparted to us at the time of faith, at the same time of justification.[6] This chapter essentially gives the foundation of the Gospel and surrounds the reader with a Christ-centered focus.  I greatly enjoyed this chapter and think that any member of the church should read this as a refresher on what Christ attained to through the cross.


[1] From the back cover of the book.

[2] Driscoll, Mark, and Gerry Breshears. Death By Love: Letters From the Cross. (Wheaton , Ill.: Crossway Books, 2008), 76.

[3] Ibid. 82.

[4] Ibid. 83.

[5] Ibid. 92.

[6] Ibid. 101-103. This section is summarized from these few pages of “death by love.”

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Christ and the Church

“Set your minds on things above, not on earthly things.  For you died, and your life is now hidden with Christ in God.  When Christ, who is your life, appears, then you also will appear with Him in glory.” (Colossians 3:2-4)

the_bride_of_christ

Christ leapt into the sea of God’s wrath in order to rescue His precious Bride from drowning.”  Thomas Watson

To death, Christ pursued her and through His life He will purify and present her.  May she ever set her gaze upon Love who purchased her though it cost Him everything, as she patiently and passionately awaits to be with Him in glory.

*The photo above was taken from the following article: “The Bride of Christ: Preparing for His Return” .

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A Review: Death by Love Part 1

Death By Love: Letters From the Cross

By Mark Driscoll & Gerry Breshears

Driscoll, Mark, and Gerry Breshears. Death By Love: Letters From the Cross. Wheaton , Ill.: Crossway Books, 2008.

Mark Driscoll is the founding pastor of Mars Hill Church in Seattle, one of the fastest-growing churches in America. He is president of the Acts 29 Church Planting Network and leads the Resurgence Missional Theology Cooperative.

Gerry Breshears is professor of theology and chairman of the division of biblical and theological studies at Western Seminary. He and Driscoll also coauthored Vintage Jesus.”[1]

Summary:

Driscoll and Breshears have written a treatise on the attributes of Christ that have been applied to followers of Christ through the sacrificial act on the cross. First, in each chapter they elaborate on the story of someone in the church.  Second, they write in letter form, how Christ is the answer to the person’s sin through a result of the cross.  Third, they offer answers to common questions about the doctrine of the cross covered in the chapter.  The doctrines of the cross that are covered in the book are: Substitutionary Atonement (this actually is what all the other chapters flow from), Christus Victor, Redemption, New Covenant Sacrifice, Righteousness, Justification, Propitiation, Expiation, Unlimited Limited Atonement, Ransom, Christus Exemplar, Reconciliation, and Revelation.

Review:

Most of the time one evaluates a book on the whole and not the individual chapters, but the structure of this book gives one a different topic to be evaluated in each chapter.  As so I am going to differentiate my review based on each individual chapter including the introduction.

Death by Love

Introduction:

In the introduction Driscoll and Breshears address the attack on the atonement of Christ by putting forth the view of substitutionary atonement.  The exposition of the last seven words that Jesus spoke is highly meaningful and elucidates profound doctrine to the everyday man.   In most situations I have been very complimentary to Mark Driscoll and his ministry, but in this case I found some of this introduction to be worded just for shock value.  Because of this Driscoll draws attention away from the person of Christ and His character, for the sake of provoking the reader.[2]

Chapter One Christus Victor:

The character that the letter is written to “Katie” is dealing with demons tormenting her after years of abuse at the hand of others.  Christ is victorious over Satan and all the demons, through the cross! “First, Satan and demons are your foes and not in any way friends (1 Pet. 5:8).  Second, Satan and demons are actively at war against you (Eph. 6:10-13).  Third, Satan and demons want you to die because Satan is a murderer; he wants to bring death to everything in your life, including your love, joy, marriage, and ministry (John 8:44).  Fourth, Satan and demons have no claim to you, because you have been delivered forever from Satan’s kingdom of darkness to Jesus’ kingdom of light (Col. 1:13).  Fifth, in Jesus there is for you personally protection from and authority over Satan and his demons (Luke 10:18-20).  Sixth, because you are in Jesus Christ positionally and all things are under his authority, you too can command Satan and demons to obey you by the authority delegated to you from Jesus (Eph. 1:18-2:8).”[3] In the case of Katie’s torment, Driscoll most vehemently presents the Gospel truth of Christ’s victory over Satan through the cross, in a pastoral and biblical way.  At the end of this chapter as with all the chapters he gives some practical conclusions as a result of the cross. Handling the doctrine of Christus Victor over the history of the church has sometimes landed a theologian outside of orthodoxy; Driscoll does not stray from the biblical text in his exposition of this important doctrine.

Chapter Two Redemption:

Thomas is consumed by lust, and through the cross he has been redeemed.  Driscoll gives five steps[4] to understanding and living out a redeemed life.  The five steps he gives are: Conviction, Confession, Repentance, Restitution, and Reconciliation.[5] Pastorally, Driscoll ends this letter with “Thomas, as I heard your story some weeks ago, as I have prayed for you since, and as I write this letter today, I have to confess that it has really troubled me that, apart from Jesus, I think we’re basically the exact same guy.  I don’t like to admit it, but we are pretty much the same except for the one difference that makes all the difference—Jesus has redeemed me.  So, I’m praying that you turn from sin to him so that he can redeem you as well.  If you do, let me know.  Until then, I will pray.  It all comes down to you and Jesus.  You are more evil than you have ever feared, and more loved than you have ever hoped.[6] The pastoral transparency I greatly appreciated, and was overcome with the reality of this paragraph.  This chapter was not enjoyable in the present cultural understanding,[7] but was convicting and consumed with Gospel centered living.


[1] From the back cover of the book.

[2] This was brought to my attention after careful reading by a colleague of mine, Nate McLaurin.

[3] Driscoll, Mark, and Gerry Breshears. Death By Love: Letters From the Cross. (Wheaton , Ill.: Crossway Books, 2008), 48.

[4] A good amount of Christian literature at the popular level has steps that are just capriciously driven.  In the case of this book the steps do not follow whims but biblical evidences.

[5] Driscoll, Mark, and Gerry Breshears. Death By Love: Letters From the Cross. (Wheaton , Ill.: Crossway Books, 2008), 68.

[6] Ibid. 65-66.

[7] The humanistic proposals in the current theological spectrum are disturbed by the fact,  that the only thing that separates the believer from the unbeliever is redemption.  We were pre-redemption the same wretches that the “worst sinner” that we can imagine.

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